TIPS ON TYPHOID FEVER INFECTION
- Typhoid fever is a life threatening illness caused by the bacterium Salmonella Typhi.
- It is common in the developing countries such as Uganda.
- It is spread through contaminated water and food sources with faecal material containing Salmonella Typhi bacteria.
- Symptoms include high grade fever of 39 to 40 degrees celsius, stomach pains, weakness, headache, loss of appetite and a rash of flat rose coloured spots in severe cases.
- It is diagnosed after a stool sample or blood is tested for the presence of Salmonella Typhi. It is treatable in mild cases but life threatening in severe cases.
- If one suffers from typhoid fever, he or she may still continue to carry the bacteria even after the symptoms have disappeared.
- Prevention is by:
- Drinking bottled water.
- Ensuring the source of ice-cream water is safe.
- Eating foods that are thoroughly cooked and still hot and steaming.
- Avoiding eating raw fruits and vegetables if they cannot be well washed and peeled. Also avoid eating the peelings of the fruits.
- Avoiding foods and beverages from the vendors in the streets.
- Regular Hand washing after using the washrooms.
- Regular Hand washing before handling food.
- Use of pit latrines or toilets to ease oneself.
- Vaccination that lasts for 3 years
The simple message is “BOIL IT, COOK IT, PEEL IT OR FORGET IT.”
For more information on vaccination please contact
Dr. Okullo Robert Obuku